The body goes through a lot of changes during pregnancy. These changes are essential for the healthy development of the baby and to prepare the body for delivery. These changes are accompanied by  pains that  are usually normal . However you may be wondering when a pregnancy pain is abnormal.

pregnancy pains

Common pregnancy pains during pregnancy


Cramping : Cramping occurs as a result of the stretching of the uterus during pregnancy. Cramping during pregnancy may also be due to constipation and gas. However if it becomes progressively worse and is accompanied by bleeding and lower back pain, it is crucial to contact your health care provider right away.


Back pain : Pregnancy puts a strain on your back and posture. Hormonal changes also weakened your abdominal muscles and as a result contribute to lower back pain. If back pain get worse and is accompanied by bleeding or difficulty urinating, contact your doctor right away.


Headaches : Headaches are common during pregnancy. If  they get worse and are accompanied by vision changes and sensitivity to light, contact your health care provider right away. It may be a sign of preeclampsia.  You need to talk to your health care provider before taking  any medication during pregnancy.


Round ligament pain : The growth of the uterus causes stretching of the round ligament. This causes sharp pain in the abdomen, hip or  groin . The pain can also be triggered by movements such as moving in bed or standing. Contact your doctor if round ligament pain lasts for a few hours.


Sciatic nerve pain : This pregnancy pain is characterized by numbness, tingling or pain that extends from the lower back to the leg. The sciatica nerve runs from the lower back down to the back of the leg. There  is pressure on this nerve as the uterus grows. Relaxed pelvic muscles may also contribute to this pain. Movements such as lifting, bending or walking may trigger this pain. It is usually not a cause for concern but if it persists and causes difficulty walking, contact your doctor right away.


Leg cramps : This pregnancy pain is common  in the second and third trimesters and  usually occurs at night. Leg cramps may be due to pressure from the baby on the blood vessels, pregnancy weight and pressure on nerves that connect to the legs. Staying well hydrated usually helps with leg cramps. You should also avoid standing or sitting at one position for a long time. If your legs becomes swollen, red and warm, contact your doctor right away.


Braxton hicks contractions :These are known as practice labor and usually occurs during the second trimester. Braxton hicks contractions , unlike real contractions are uncomfortable rather than painful. They do not follow a certain pattern and vary in intensity and length. Contact your health care provider if contractions are painful and you get more than  6  in an hour. It could be a sign of preterm labor.

Content Sources
Pregnancy pains . American Pregnancy Association. Accessed May 10, 2015

Common pregnancy pains and their causes. WebMD. Accessed May 10 , 2015

Aches and pains during pregnancy. MedlinePlus. May 4, 2015


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