Chorioamnionitis

Chorioamnionitis is  a condition in which  bacteria infects the chorion and amnion  ( membranes thats surround the fetus)  and amniotic fluid ( fluid in which the fetus floats ) . This can lead to infection in both the mother and fetus. This condition requires that the baby be delivered as soon as possible.

Chorioamnionitis

What are the causes of Chorioamnionitis ?

It is usually caused by a bacterial infection  that usually starts from the mother’s urogenital tract . The infection starts in the vagina, anus  or rectum  and moves  up into the  uterus where the fetus is located . Chorioamnionitis is rare and is one of the causes  premature birth .

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Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM)

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare type of heart failure that occurs during pregnancy or right after delivery. It is also known as postpartum cardiomyopathy.  It usually occurs during the last month of pregnancy or up to 5 months after delivery.  The condition weakens the heart muscles and causes enlargement of the heart. Quick medical attention is essential to prevent any complications.The doctor may use a physical exam and various imaging tests  to diagnose this condition. A heart biopsy may be performed to find out the underlying cause but this is rarely done.

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Gestational Diabetes – Are you at risk ?

What is gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that only occurs during pregnancy. Just like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes results from high blood sugar (glucose) level. The body uses glucose to make energy. Excessive glucose in the blood is not good for you or the baby. It is usually diagnosed during late pregnancy and often goes away after pregnancy.

gestational diabetes

What causes gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot make enough insulin during pregnancy. Your body goes through a lot of changes and makes more hormones during pregnancy. As a result , your body cells cannot use insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. This increases your body’s need
for insulin. This condition  is temporary in most cases.

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Amniotic Fluid Embolism

Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare pregnancy  complication. This serious condition occurs when the amniotic fluid or fetal materials such as fetal cells enters the  mother’s bloodstream. This is most likely to occur  during delivery or immediately afterwards. This condition needs prompt treatment to prevent life threatening complications.

amniotic fluid embolism

What causes amniotic fluid embolism ?

The exact cause of this condition is not known. However it is likely to be caused by a breakdown of placenta barrier such as from trauma.

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Acute fatty liver of pregnancy

This is a rare life threatening pregnancy complication. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy  is characterized by a build up of fat in liver cells 11.  Without prompt treatment, this condition can lead to coma , organ failure and death of both mother and  baby. A blood test that measures liver and kidney functions can be used to diagnose acute fatty liver of pregnancy.

acute fatty acid

The exact cause of this condition is unknown, even though genetics may play a role. The mother is given blood transfusions to stabilize her condition. The baby is delivered as soon possible to prevent further complications.

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Possible Side Effects of an Abortion

An abortion is the early ending of a pregnancy. It comes with possible physical side effects. It is important to talk to your health care provider as well as the one who performed the abortion about the side effects you may face. After an abortion, your period will return in about 4 to 6 weeks. You can really get pregnant as soon as your period returns. If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, it is important to take them as directed to prevent any infection.

possible side effects of an abortion

Physical side effects you may experience after an abortion

 
It is possible to experience some side effects after an abortion. These side effects may take as long as 2 to 4 weeks after the procedure. Here are some of the commonly experienced side effects of an abortion.

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Hydrops Fetalis

Hydrops fetalis is a condition in which abnormally large amounts of fluid buildup in 2 or more body areas of a fetus or newborn. This life-threatening condition is usually the symptom of an underlying medical condition. Cases of hydrops fetalis have dropped significantly due to RhoGAM, which is a drug used to treat pregnant mothers at risk of Rh incompatibility.
 
hydrops fetalis
 

What causes hydrops fetalis ?

There are two type of hydrops  fetalis and this classification depends on the cause of the abnormal fluid.

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Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy

Hypothyroidism is a  condition in which the thyroid hormone produces inadequate thyroid hormone. This disorder is common in women of child bearing age. Many symptoms of this condition is smilar to pregnancy symptoms . Uncontrolled hypothyroidism in pregnancy women may cause complications in both the mother and baby. Routine screening for hypothyroidism during pregnancy is not recommended. However women with a history of hypothyroidism, showing symptoms of the condition or related conditions such as diabetes should be screened.
 
hypothyroidism
 

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Vasa Previa

Vasa previa is a rare pregnancy complication. It occurs when the fetal umbilical cord crosses into the internal os  of the uterus (the internal opening in the cervix separating the uterine cavity from the cervix. This condition increases the risk of fetal death due to hemorrhage that results at the time of fetal membrane rapture or during labor and delivery. There is also the danger of lack of oxygen to the fetus.
 
vasa previa
 

What causes vasa previa ?

 
The exact cause of this condition is not known. However it is believed that women who have had these pregnancy problems below are at  higher risk

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Stillbirth

Stillbirth is when a baby dies in utero after pregnancy week 20 or during delivery. It occurs in about 1 out of every 160 pregnancies. Majority of stillbirths occur before delivery and a few percentage occur during child birth. The pregnant woman may notice that something is wrong because the baby may stop moving around and kicking.

 
stillbirth
 

What causes stillbirth ?

Some of the most common causes of stillbirth include the following :

  • birth defects such as chromosomal abnormalities
  • placental problems such as placental abruption
  • bacterial infections usually between 24 to 27 weeks gestation
  • having medical conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes
  • umbilical cord problems
  • trauma
  • overdue pregnancy

 
You should however note that the cause of about one-third of stillbirths are unknown.

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