Does caffeine affect fertility ?

Some studies have suggested that caffeine may have an effect on conception. However most experts also say the evidence is not  enough to conclude that caffeine has  a negative effect on conception.

caffeine affect fertility

It is considered safe to consume 200 to 300 mg of caffeine  daily when trying to get pregnant.

Which foods contain caffeine

Some of the foods that contain caffeine include the following :

  • coffee
  • tea
  • soft drinks
  • energy drinks
  • chocolate
  • coffee ice cream

It can also be found in some herbs and over the counter medications including those for headaches, cold and allergy remedies.

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Will using hot tubs impede our chances of conceiving ?

It is important for men trying to conceive to avoid prolonged or frequent use of hot tubs. Research has indicated that repeated exposure to heat significantly reduce sperm count. It may take about 4 to 6 month after this happens for the the sperm count to return to normal.

hot tubs

Heat exposure may also damage sperm DNA . That is why the testes of men are outside the body. They need to be in a cooler environment to produce healthy sperms.

You can engage  in  activities that generate heat such as saunas, bicycling, wearing tight underwear and hot tubs in moderation . If you are trying to conceive and have marginal sperm count, you may want to avoid these altogether .

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Can lubricants reduce my chances of conceiving ?

Effect of lubricants on conception


Some lubricants may inhibit conception. This is especially true for home made lubricants like olive oil and  store bought lubricants . These vaginal lubricants  can damage sperms and interfere with their ability to travel to the uterus and fertilize an egg.

Before ovulation, the acidity or pH of vaginal mucus is perfect for sperm survival and movement. The pH  of most lubricants are not sperm friendly. They are acidic enough to kill sperms  and the thickness can make it difficult for sperms to travel. The water content can damage the sperms by causing them to absorb water.

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Getting pregnant in your 40s

The odds of getting pregnant in your 40s are lower than previous years. Some experts believe it may be impossible to get pregnant with your own eggs after 45. However some people at this age get pregnant with fertility treatment and others on their own. There are advantages and disadvantages of getting pregnant in your 40s.

getting pregnant

Pros of getting pregnant in your 40s

  • you are more experienced
  • you are wiser
  • you are more financially stable

Cons of getting pregnant in your 40s

getting pregnant may be difficult high risk of miscarriage high risk of chromosomal abnormalities high risk of pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure and birth problems high risk of small or preterm baby if your partner is around the same age ,sperm quality is decreasing and increases the risk of genetic problems such as down syndrome and autism spectrum disorder

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Getting pregnant in your 30s

Most people consider the 30s as  being the best time to be a mother. You may be well established which will give you a firm foundation in your marriage . You may also have had enough fun times with your husband. However there are pros and cons to getting pregnant at any age.


Pros of getting pregnant in your 30s

  • you still have the stamina for parenting a young child
  • most people in their 30s may be financially ready for having a child
  • your career may be established

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Getting pregnant in your 20s

Are you trying to get pregnant in your 20s ? Time is on your side.  You are also at an advantage because experts believe fertility peaks around  the early 20s. However you have to know that each age has its pros and cons.

getting pregnant

Pros of getting pregnant in your 20s

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How long will it take me to get pregnant

No one can say exactly how long it will take to get pregnant . However most couple get pregnant months after 3 months of starting to try. It may take longer depending the following :

  • age
  • life style habits such as smoking
  • medical conditions that may impair fertility

get pregnant

Of all couples trying to get pregnant :

  • 30 percent get pregnant within the first cycle (about one months)
  • 60 percent get pregnant within three cycles (about three months).
  • 80 percent get pregnant within six cycles (about six months).
  • 85 percent get pregnant within 12 cycles (about one year).
  • 91 percent get pregnant within 36 cycles (about three years).
  • 93 to 95 percent get pregnant within 48 cycles (about four years).

If you try a year without success , it is a good idea to see a fertility specialist just to check if there is any underlying fertility problem.  If you’re older than 35 years, you may want to see a fertility   specialist if you tried for 6 months without conceiving .

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Common causes of fertility issues in women

If you’ve had regular, unprotected sex for more than a year without conceiving (or six months if you’re older than 35), you need to see a doctor. More than half of couples with fertility issues eventually become pregnant after treatment . About a third of fertility problems are caused by female fertility problem, another one-third due to male fertility problems  and the rest involves both partners or unexplained causes.

fertility issues

Common causes of fertility problems

Ovulation problems : This occurs when eggs dont mature in the ovary or when ovaries fail to release a mature egg. This is sometimes called premature ovarian failure. This condition is characterized by the following

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Infertility medications

Medications are normal part of infertility treatment and in vitro fertilization IVF procedure. The medications are used to prepare the body for treatment . They also  increase the probability that more healthy eggs are released  from  the ovaries.

infertility medications

A reproductive specialist can help you decide which medication is best for you after evaluation.

Medications used for ovarian stimulation

Clomiphene citrate (CC) : There are two types of medications. These are Clomid® and Serophene®. They work by increasing  the amount of FSH the pituitary gland secretes.  They are used to stimulate ovulation in women who have no periods, irregular periods or long cycle. It is usually started with 50mg a day for a certain amount of days.  Dosage may be increased if no ovulation has occurred. It is recommended by The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM)  that clomiphene be prescribed for only 3-6 cycles.

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: PGD

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a procedure that is used before implantation to help identify genetic disorders  within embryos created through in vitro fertilization. This is to prevent certain diseases  and disorders from being passed on to  the baby.


How is PGD done

It  begins with the normal process of in vitro fertilization.  This includes egg retrieval and  and fertilization in the laboratory . The embryo divides into 8 cells  over the next three days.

PGD involves the following :

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