Risks of In Vitro Fertilization IVF

In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. It is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs , retrieving a sperm sample  and then  manually combining the egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo is then transferred to the uterus.


Risks associated with IVF

Like most medical procedures, there are potential risks involved. Some of the more severe especially associated with Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) include the following

  • nausea and vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • decreased urination
  • severe stomach pains and bloating
  • faintness
  • about 10 pounds weight gain within the next  3 to 5 days

Other risks associated with the procedure include :

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Infertility risk factors for men and women

If you’re younger than 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for less than a year (or less than six months if you’re 35 or older), then most likely you have no reason to be concerned yet  as long as your menstrual cycle is regular. However if you’re younger than 35 and have had frequent unprotected sex for more than a year (or at least six months if you’re over 35) without conceiving, then you have to be concerned. Your doctor can diagnose fertility problems so make an appointment to see your doctor.

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Key nutrients that you’ll need to conceive

Good nutrition is very important when you are trying to get pregnant. This is important for both men and women. You need good nutrition to help you get pregnant and prepare your body for a baby.


Nutrients  that can enhance conception

There are vitamins that can boost your fertility . These include the following :

  • Zinc : It enhances a woman’s ability to ovulate . In men, it enhances both testosterone and semen quality.
  • Folic acid :  It reduces your chances of having a child with neural tube defects. It also maximizes fertility in men.
  • Multivitamin : It reduces a woman’s chances of having ovulation problems
  • Omega 3 fatty acids : It increases the quality of embryo.
  • Iron : It is important whether you are pregnant or not because  it is vital in making hemoglobin, the oxygen carrying component of red blood cells. Oxygen is needed for tissues and organs in the body to function properly.
  • Calcium :  This will help your  baby with it growth and development after conception.
  • Vitamin B6 : They reduce the risk of having nasty pregnancy symptoms such as morning sickness .
  • Antioxidants: Taking these supplements like vitamin C and E may help with fertility.
  • Coenzyme Q 10 : This is a supplement for sperm and egg health.
  • L carnitine :  This helps in metabolism , maturity and motility of sperms.

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Chronic illnesses that can affect fertility

Effects of chronic illnesses on fertility

Chronic illnesses can have an effect on the body . Some of these conditions can even cause  weight loss  and interfere with ovulation. Thyroid disorders such as Graves’ disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can stop ovulation.


Other chronic illnesses such as chronic liver and kidney disease can interfere with the functioning of the pituitary gland  and impair infertility.

Drugs used to treat some of the illnesses can affect fertility. If you are taking any medication, see your OBGYN before trying to get pregnant to make sure they are safe to take during pregnancy.

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Are you dealing with infertility ? These superfoods can help

Fertility superfoods

Are you dealing with infertility ? You and your partner may be trying to get pregnant . You may have tried for months . Before heading to your doctor, you may want to try these superfoods which boost your fertility.

fertility superfoods

One superfood you may want to consider is buckwheat. It is a healthy grain know to significantly drop  insulin and testosterone levels, a process that increases ovulation. Your chances of conceiving is much higher when you are ovulating. You also have to know that if you need to eat gluten free, buckwheat is 100% free of wheat even though its mentioned in its name.

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Natural ways to support fertility

Ways to support fertility

Infertility is the inability to conceive after regular, unprotected sex for more than a year  (or six months if you’re older than 35). Infertility is an issue  women are facing more frequently. As women age, there is  a rise in the risk of infertility because their eggs become less viable  and the challenge of conceiving also increases .

support fertility

Even though most women associate infertility problems to women, men can also be infertile . There are many reasons why women are unable to get pregnant. These  include

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Does caffeine affect fertility ?

Some studies have suggested that caffeine may have an effect on conception. However most experts also say the evidence is not  enough to conclude that caffeine has  a negative effect on conception.

caffeine affect fertility

It is considered safe to consume 200 to 300 mg of caffeine  daily when trying to get pregnant.

Which foods contain caffeine

Some of the foods that contain caffeine include the following :

  • coffee
  • tea
  • soft drinks
  • energy drinks
  • chocolate
  • coffee ice cream

It can also be found in some herbs and over the counter medications including those for headaches, cold and allergy remedies.

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Will using hot tubs impede our chances of conceiving ?

It is important for men trying to conceive to avoid prolonged or frequent use of hot tubs. Research has indicated that repeated exposure to heat significantly reduce sperm count. It may take about 4 to 6 month after this happens for the the sperm count to return to normal.

hot tubs

Heat exposure may also damage sperm DNA . That is why the testes of men are outside the body. They need to be in a cooler environment to produce healthy sperms.

You can engage  in  activities that generate heat such as saunas, bicycling, wearing tight underwear and hot tubs in moderation . If you are trying to conceive and have marginal sperm count, you may want to avoid these altogether .

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Can lubricants reduce my chances of conceiving ?

Effect of lubricants on conception


Some lubricants may inhibit conception. This is especially true for home made lubricants like olive oil and  store bought lubricants . These vaginal lubricants  can damage sperms and interfere with their ability to travel to the uterus and fertilize an egg.

Before ovulation, the acidity or pH of vaginal mucus is perfect for sperm survival and movement. The pH  of most lubricants are not sperm friendly. They are acidic enough to kill sperms  and the thickness can make it difficult for sperms to travel. The water content can damage the sperms by causing them to absorb water.

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Getting pregnant in your 40s

The odds of getting pregnant in your 40s are lower than previous years. Some experts believe it may be impossible to get pregnant with your own eggs after 45. However some people at this age get pregnant with fertility treatment and others on their own. There are advantages and disadvantages of getting pregnant in your 40s.

getting pregnant

Pros of getting pregnant in your 40s

  • you are more experienced
  • you are wiser
  • you are more financially stable

Cons of getting pregnant in your 40s

getting pregnant may be difficult high risk of miscarriage high risk of chromosomal abnormalities high risk of pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure and birth problems high risk of small or preterm baby if your partner is around the same age ,sperm quality is decreasing and increases the risk of genetic problems such as down syndrome and autism spectrum disorder

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