Sexually transmitted Diseases STD’s and pregnancy

Inflammatory bowel disease ( IBD ) during pregnancy

Inflammatory bowel disease is also known as  IBD. It is a group of conditions that affect the intestines and other parts of the digestive tract. There are 2 main types of IBD. These are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Both of these conditions causes inflammation of the intestines. Most women with this condition have healthy pregnancies.  You need to talk to your doctor if you have inflammatory bowel disease and are trying to get pregnant or is pregnant.  He will make sure any medications  you are taking for your condition is safe during pregnancy. He will also ensure that you get pregnant at a time when you’re not having serious symptoms. This will help prevent complications for you and your baby.

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Shingles during pregnancy

Shingles is a painful, blistering rash. It is caused  by the reactivation of infection with the varicella zoster virus VZV , the virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles can show up at any  time but it’s  alarming when it shows up during pregnancy. However this occurrence is rare. For most women who develop this rash during pregnancy, the outlook is good.

shingles

What are the symptoms of shingles during pregnancy ?

After getting chickenpox especially during childhood, the virus remains dormant in certain nerves. The immune system usually keeps the virus  in check . However, anything such as immunosuppressive  drugs, age related stress and certain illness  that  affects the immune system’s ability to hold the virus  can reactivate the virus and cause  shingles.

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Common pregnancy worries

Pregnancy can be stressful. Pregnant women worry about their health and that of their unborn child . This is completely normal. You can share your worries with your partner and family to help ease your fear. If you have any health concerns , talk to your doctor.
 
common pregnancy worries
 

Common pregnancy worries

 
Birth defect in the baby : Everybody wants a healthy baby. Most pregnant women worry about birth defects such cleft palate or spina bifida. They always worry something will show up on the scan.
 
Taking 400mg of folic acid daily greatly reduces your chance of birth defects such as spina bifida. Increased maternal age and genetics also increase your risks for birth defects. Talk to a genetic counselor about your risks if you are above 35 years of age and have a history of genetic defects.

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Morning Sickness

Morning sickness may be one of the first signs of pregnancy. It is nausea  that occur during pregnancy. It can be, but not always accompanied by vomiting. Even though the name suggest it happens in the morning, it can really occur at anytime during the day. Morning sickness is common during the first trimester although in some women, this condition can last throughout the whole pregnancy. This condition is not harmful to your baby. Many health care providers think morning sickness is a good sign because it means the placenta is developing well.The most severe  form of morning sickness is known as Hyperemesis gravidarum . Victims of this severe  form experience excessive vomiting and are unable to keep food down. This can harm the baby if left untreated. Contact your doctor immediately for treatment.
 
morning sickness
 

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Sciatic Nerve Pain and Pregnancy

The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. It provides motor and sensory functions to the lower part of the body. Sciatic nerve pain is pain resulting from the irritation or inflammation  of the sciatic nerves. This pain is usually felt from the lower back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knees.
 
sciatic nerve pain
 

What causes sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy ?

 
The sciatic nerve runs from the uterus to the legs. During pregnancy, the pressure of the developing baby on the nerves causes sciatic nerve pain.

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Cystic fibrosis ( CF) and pregnancy

What is cystic fibrosis (CF) ?

 
Cystic fibrosis (CF)  is  a genetic disorder that affects breathing and digestion. This  lifelong disease is caused by very thick mucus build up in the body.
 
cystic fibrosis
 
Mucus is a fluid that coats and protects parts of the body. It is usually slippery and slightly thicker than water. However in CF, this mucus is thicker and sticky.  It builds up in the lungs and digestive system causing problems with breathing and digestion.

What causes cystic fibrosis ?

 
This condition is inherited,  which means it is passed on from parents to offsprings through genes. You have to inherit the CF gene from both parents to  have the disease. If you inherit it from just one parent, you are a carrier. This means you have the gene for cystic fibrosis but don’t have the disease.

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Ebola And Pregnancy

Ebola is a serious disease caused by a virus. This rare disease can cause heavy bleeding (hemorrhage ),  organ failure or death. Ebola can lead to miscarriage and heavy bleeding during the first and second trimester of pregnancy.

ebola
 

What is the effect of Ebola on pregnant woman ?

There is no evidence to show that pregnant women  are at high risk of contracting Ebola. However, they are at risk of severe illnesses and death when they do get the virus. Pregnant women with Ebola are also at increased risk of fetal loss and pregnancy related hemorrhage. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, during the previous attack of Ebola in West Africa , babies born to mothers infected with the virus did not survive. It is not known however if Ebola was the cause of death.

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Epilepsy and Pregnancy

Epilepsy is a group of disorders characterized by recurrent , unpredictable seizures. Pregnant women who have epilepsy have a higher risk of pregnancy related complications. Epilepsy affects pregnant women differently.  Some women experience less seizures during pregnancy.

 
epilepsy
 

What are the symptoms of epilepsy during pregnancy ?

The symptoms of epilepsy during pregnancy are  similar to pregnancy symptoms and include the following :

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • memory loss
  • confusion
  • changes in energy level and mood

How will epilepsy affect my pregnancy ?

The National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (NINDS) predicts that about  one-third to about half of the women who have epilepsy will have more seizures during pregnancy. This is because anticonvulsants medications work differently during pregnancy and as a result your doctor may have to change your medication. Nausea during pregnancy can cause medication to be thrown up before it can be absorbed properly in the body.

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Diarrhea during pregnancy

Diarrhea during pregnancy should be taken seriously. Diarrhea is when you have two or more loose bowel movements in a 24 hour period. It can be deadly if steps are not taken to make sure you are well hydrated.
 

What causes diarrhea during pregnancy ?

Diarrhea during pregnancy is caused by a lot of factors.

Changes is diet can lead to loose stools. When you find out that you are pregnant, you may change your diet to get enough nutrients from your food. This change can upset your stomach and cause diarrhea.

 
diarrhea
 

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